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Kendall Maryland

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Kendall or Krug?

These photo are labeled Krug, Maryland from American Environmental Photographs collection of the University of Chicago library(see (Library of Congress). The photos on this page are the small intro photographs, full size are available on the above website. The website states that "this collection consists of approximately 4,500 photographs documenting natural environments, ecologies, and plant communities in the United States at the end of the nineteenth and the beginning of the twentieth century. Produced between 1891 and 1936 by a group of American botanists generally regarded as one of the most influential in the development of modern ecological studies, these photographs provide an overview of important representative natural landscapes across the nation."

I am not sure, but I believe when these photographs were taken, the town had been renamed Kendall, a contemporary logging town with Crellin, also owned by the Kendall Brothers. Krug was the earlier name when the Albert Knabb and Henry Krug operated a wooden barrel-producing sawmill operation, shipping them to their oil wells in West Virginia and Pennsylvania and other destinations. The company owned specially modified flat cars for shipments of assembled barrels and boxcars for barrels in "kit" form. A perq of being a lumber capitalist was naming the town in one's honor, even if the name was Krug (or Crellin). One minor curiosity is that Knabb leased from the Yough Manor Land Company whose president was J. Henry Bayard. Jennings Brothers in the Casselman Valley bought their timberlands from Joseph Bayard of Harrisburg. Whether they two men were related or if they had any connection with Senator Bayard from whom Bayard WV was named is not known to this author. The A.Knabb & Co. operation commenced at Krug in 1892 and only bought certain species of timber (maybe white oak?) and moved on after it was cut in 1902. Kendall immediately moved in adding a band sawmill to Knabb's circular. One unique aspect of Knabb's railroad was the operation of a 16 ton Gilbert locomotive, perhaps the only one to operate in Garrett County. They followed with purchases of two new Climax Model B's. The Krug and Kendall logging railroads were extensive, going up the Yough to Swallow Falls, using most of the Deep Creek watershed and number other smaller streams. The lines connected with some other logging railroads, but probably no through traffic developed.

The first photo above shows logs being "snaked" or skidded down a steep hill. A full size view reveals the one gentleman in nice clothes for this work. The second photo shows a log being bucked to length. The bark has been peeled, perhaps this was a hemlock, indicating the Kendall operation. The third photo shows logs being loaded at a landing. Benjamin Kline states that A.Knabb handloaded while Kendall had a Barnhart loader.
The first photo shows the logs being dumped in a possible mill pond, photos in Kline's book is unclear on whether a pond existed. The second photo is inside the circular saw mill, which was built by A. Knabb. The third photo reports to be the town of Krug (Kendall). I have never been there so I cannot get my bearing on the lay of the land. The stream looks too small to be the Yough. The B&O sub, Confluence and Oakland RR terminated in Krug/Kendall running up the east bank of the Yough, the same side as the town. So if this is Krug on the left of the photo, what is the railroad on the right? Help!! Write to d_cathell@yahoo.com

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